Kapas ki Kheti Kaise Kare

Kapas ki Kheti In Hindi: Kapas ko faslo ka raja mana jata hai, aur yah america, africa aur india sahit pure world ke garam area ki mool fasal hai. Kapas ek Main Nakdi fasal hai. Kapas ko Swet Swarn ke naam se jana jata hai. Desh me vyapak star par kapas utpadan ki bahut requirement hai, Binaulo ki khali wa tel ka vyapak upyog hai, har state me lagbhag 5 lacs rui ki gantho ki har saal requirement padti hai. Now a days ham bahut se technique se kapas ki upaj jyada se jyada kar sakte hai.

Kapas ki Kheti Kaise Kare - कपास की खेती कैसे करे

Kapas ki Kheti Kaise Kare

Kapas Ki Prajatiyan

Kapas ki kheti ke liye do tarah ki prajatiyan payi jati hai, deshi prajatiyan jaise lohit, R. G 8 and C.A.D 4 hai. Dusre prakar ki american prajatiyan hai, jisme ki H.S. 6, Vikash, H 777, F846, R.S. 810 aur R.S. 2013 payi jati hai.

Kapas Ki Kheti Ke Liye Bhumi (Mitti)

Uttam Jamaw hetu minimum 16 degree centigrate  taapman, fasal badwar ke samay 21 se 27 degree centegrate aur upyukt fasal hetu 27 se 32 degree centegrate taapman ki  jaroorat padti hai, Gularo ke pakte samay chamkili dhoop wa pala rahit ritu ki aawashykta hoti hai. Sabhi bhumi (mitti) me kapas ki kheti ki ja sakti hai. Lekin Balui, Kankadyukt aur jal bharaw wali bhumi me kapas ki kheti ke liye bahut achhi hai, Domat Bhumi sabse badiya hoti hai.

Kapas Ki Kheti Kaise Kare?

Khet ko palewa karke pahli jutai mitti palatne wale hal se 20 se 25 cm gahri jutai karini chahiye. Yadi requirement pade to aap Dobara palewa karke oth aane par deshi hal se teen char jutai karke khet ko achhi tarah bhurbhura banakar khet ko samtal karne ke baad hi bawai karni chahiye.

Kapas Ke Beej Buwai Kaise Kare?

Kapas Me prajatiyo ke aadhar par beejdar alag alag matra me dali jati hai.

  • 1. Deshi prajiyon me 15 kg/hector (resha rahit) matra padti hai.
  • 2. American prajatiyon me 20 Kb/hector (resha rahit) matra padti hai.

Beej shodhan hetu jab beej ka resha alag karne ke liye sandra gandhak aml rashayan dwara hatakar ke beejo ko saaf pani me achi dhulai karne ke baad achhi tarah chhaya me sukhane ke baad beej shodhan kiya jata hai, Chhaya me sukhe huye beej Corinthians ya carb0-oxide fafudi nashak ko 2.5 g/kg ki dar se lagakar beej shodhit kiya ja sakta hai.

Kapas ki Buwai ki Bidhi aur Samay

Kapas ki buwai ka samay prajatiyon ke aadhar par alag – alag hota hai. Deshi prajatiyon ki buwai aprail first week se dusre week tak ki jati hai. American prajatiyon ki buwai April 15 se May first week tak ki jati hai.

Buwai normaly hal ke peeche kudo me ki jati hai, Kudo me buwai karne par line se line ki doori 70 c.m aur paudhe se paudhe ki doori 30 cm. rakhi jati hai, buwai me ek jagah par kewal 4 ya 5 beej prayog kare.

Kapas Ke Liye Kya Aawashayak hai

Khad aur urea ka prayog mitti ke aadhar par karni chahiye, yadi mitti me cabonic ki kami ho to khet tyari ke samay aakhiri jutai me kuchh matra gobar ki khad khadi khad me milakar prayog karna chahiye. isake sath-sath 60 Kg naitrozen aur 30 kg fasforas dale. Naytrozen ki aadhi matra aur fasforas ki puri matra ka prayog khet tyari ke samay aakhiri jutai par karna chaiye, shesh naytrozen ki matra ka prayog fool prarambh hone par wa adhik fool aane par july mah me do baar me prayog karna chaiye.

Karpatwar Se Kaise Bache?

Pahli sukhi nirai – gudai pahli sichai matalb 30 se 35 din se pahle karni chahiye, isake baad fasal badwar ke samay cultyweter ke dwara teen chaar baar aade bede gudai karni chahiye, fool banane par cultyweter se gudai nhi karni chahiye, us samay khurpi se kharpatwar gudai karte samay nikalna chahiye, jisase foolo ko girne se bachaya ja sake.

Kapas Ko Rog Se Kaise Bachaye?

Kapas Me Shakanu jhulsa rog (bacterial blot) aur fafoodi janit rog lagte hai, inke bachaw ke liye khadi fasal me barish prarambh hone par 1.25 gm. coper oxicloride 50% ghulansheel churn wa 50 gm egrimaiseen ya 7.5 streptosaicleen prati hector ki dar se 600-800 leter pani me gholkar do chidkaw 20 se 25 din ke antraal par karna chahiye.

Kapsa Ko Keeto Se Kaise Bachaye?

Kapas ki fasal par kai tarah ke keet dwara nuksaan pahuchaya jata hai, jaise ki hara fudka ya jaisid, safed makkhi mahu, tela, missi, ya thrish aur gular bhedak bhi lagte hai, inke niyantran ke liye monokrotofaas 25 E.C.1.25 leter gular bhed keet hetu traifofas 40 E.C. 1.50 leter safed makkhi hetu rasayan 250 se 300 leter pani me gholkar nepsek machine me prati hector chhidkaw karna chahiye.

Kapas Ki Katai / Chunai

Kapas ki katai prajatiuyon ke anushar ki jati hai, fasal ki katai shubah ki aush hatne ke baad hi purn khele huye gularo se karni chahiye, deshi kapas ki katai 8 se 10 din ke antraal par aur american kapas ki katai 15 se 20 din ke antraal par karni chaiye. Keet se nuksan huye kapas ki katai alag karni chahiye. Kapas ki katai ke samay pattiya nahi rahni chahiye. Kapas ke bhandaran se pahle kapas ko achhi tarah se sukha lena uchit hai. Bhandaran jagah me chuhe ya kisi aur ka prakop nahi hona chahiye.

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